What is Adobe Indesign?

For making flyers, brochures, magazines, newspapers, and books, use the desktop publishing program InDesign. Both digital and printed versions of projects made using InDesign may be shared. Professionals in publishing, marketing, graphic design, and the arts all utilize InDesign. Available separately or as a component of the Adobe Creative Cloud, it is created and published by Adobe Systems. When the Creative Suite was launched, InDesign was a component of it.


A group of software tools for design, marketing, and communications in print, video, and online is called the Creative Cloud, and Adobe InDesign CC is a part of it. The Mac OS and Windows operating systems both support the usage of Adobe InDesign CC. An application’s affiliation with the Creative Cloud is indicated by the CC. It was upgraded in June 2020, and the most recent version of InDesign is InDesign CC 2020.


You may access more Adobe resources using InDesign CC. A lot of the features offered by InDesign CC include extra premium services, for which Adobe charges charges in addition to the monthly app licensing payments. There are some of them, such as Adobe Stock, which offers access to photographs for extra charges. Similar to InDesign, Typekit fonts can be purchased for additional costs.


InDesign CC vs. CS: What’s the difference?


The Creative Suite logo was used in earlier iterations of the application under the abbreviation CS. When compared to InDesign CS, which could be purchased as a perpetual license and used indefinitely with a one-time payment, InDesign CC is subscription-based and requires a monthly or yearly charge. Both the CC and CS versions of InDesign provide many of the same tools needed for project management. Adobe Systems no longer provides support for InDesign CS, yet it is still useful for a lot of tasks on Mac OS and Windows machines. Since the releases of the creative suite, InDesign CC may not have had many upgrades, but linked Adobe products have seen a lot of improvements. InDesign CC may be accessed by customers who have purchased the whole Creative Cloud for use with other programs. If you’re running one of the most recent versions of Windows, InDesign CC is helpful.

Overview of InDesign


On August 31, 1999, the initial iteration of InDesign was released. A different Seattle-based business called Aldus, which made desktop publishing software, started working on the program long before this. Aldus created some of the earliest graphics and desktop publishing applications for personal computers that ran early iterations of the Windows and Mac operating systems. Superpaint and PageMaker were a couple of these. In July 1985, Aldus published the first iteration of PageMaker, which had a streamlined graphical user interface that was compatible with the Macintosh point-and-click interface. As a result, early desktop publishing applications started to use PageMaker often. When PageMaker was at its peak in 1990, Quark, Inc., a smaller startup with roots in Denver and the maker of the electronic publishing software program QuarkXPress, started to pose a threat. Nevertheless, PageMaker 4.0 was still regarded as cutting-edge for its time and was available on the market.


Most of Aldus’ software programs, including PageMaker, were acquired by Adobe in 1994 when it bought the company. PageMaker has been losing market share to QuarkXPress in the years prior to Adobe-Aldus’ takeover of the company. Quark eventually drove PageMaker out of the market for professional desktop publishing since it offered many more capabilities.


Adobe initially introduced InDesign in 2000 with the goal of replacing PageMaker and providing a product that was more competitive with QuarkXPress. Since QuarkXPress was only available on older versions of the Mac OS at the time of the release of Mac OS X, Adobe also had the first-mover advantage by releasing InDesign as the first desktop publishing tool native for OS X.


In order to provide the Creative Suite, Adobe finally combined InDesign with Photoshop and Illustrator. InDesign was more immediately embraced since it was included with Photoshop and Illustrator, which were already widely used by designers. QuarkXPress was replaced by Adobe InDesign as the leading desktop publishing product within ten years of its release.


Uses of InDesign


Flyers, brochures, magazines, newspapers, posters, business cards, postcards, stickers, cartoons, and many other sorts of documents or visual communication are produced using InDesign.


Graphic designers and marketers alike utilize InDesign, which is the industry standard for publication design. It may be used separately or in combination with other Adobe Creative Cloud programs like Illustrator and Photoshop. The majority of the time, layouts employing text, photographs, and drawings that are frequently made in other applications are integrated into a layout using InDesign rather than being created as images or illustrations within the software.


The Functions of Adobe InDesign


For both print and digital media, InDesign offers the tools required to design pages and produce visual layouts. Users have access to an easy-to-use tool called InDesign that makes it possible to produce professional pages that can be shared online or in print.


Multiple-page documents, layouts that incorporate both text and graphics, and publications with a lot of text are among the situations where InDesign is most helpful.


Finding out InDesign


Learn how to use InDesign using a variety of methods. Books, private instruction, workshops, and internet tutorials are a few of these. Live InDesign classes are a useful approach to study with other professionals and get the chance to speak with an expert instructor in-person about projects after class. Asking questions regarding parts of InDesign that can be unique to a person’s line of business is also made simpler with live InDesign lessons. Selecting between a single-app subscription and the whole Creative Cloud can be influenced by live training as well. A project’s workflow may be streamlined, productivity can be increased, and new project kinds that need for specialized knowledge can be worked on with the aid of InDesign training. If you can’t get to a physical classroom, live online classes are an alternative. There are many of InDesign lessons available close to you.


A great way to learn how to use InDesign is through online tutorials. These may be used separately or in conjunction with in-person or online inDesign programs. Free online courses by qualified InDesign teachers are provided by American Graphics Institute and demonstrate how to use InDesign to handle common issues and build layouts.


You may also learn InDesign through books. An internet connection is not necessary for books like the InDesign Digital Classroom, which allow people to study InDesign at their own speed.


The best approach to learn a new software is usually via practice, regardless of how you originally begin your InDesign learning experience. When it comes time to use InDesign professionally, you may get ready by experimenting with various features and functions on a practice document that isn’t subject to a deadline or quality requirements for a customer or company.


InDesign Certification, Independent

American Graphics Institute provides a stand-alone InDesign certification test if you need independent verification of your Adobe InDesign knowledge and skills for a job or project. An InDesign Certification gives a certificate that demonstrates a mastery of InDesign abilities since American Graphics Institute is widely regarded as a leading expert in the field of digital design. Online testing is required for this multiple-choice exam. An hour to an hour and a half is typically needed to finish the exam. The InDesign certification exam assesses knowledge of the InDesign user interface, fundamental document production, essential capabilities and features, saving and exporting InDesign projects, and workflow difficulties. Before sitting for an InDesign certification test, no course is necessary.

Are InDesign documents cross-platform?

All platforms can open InDesign files. InDesign software can open InDesign files on either a MacOS or Windows computer, independent of the platform used to produce the files.


using InDesign when

Create documents with sophisticated layouts integrating text and images with InDesign when they need to be graphically rich. Flyers, brochures, periodicals, newsletters, and other materials requiring complicated layout requirements that are beyond the scope of basic word processing applications may be created with the help of InDesign.


With or without Creative Cloud, InDesign

Although a Creative Cloud membership comes with InDesign, InDesign may also be purchased alone. For either MacOS or Windows, InDesign may be licensed independently as a stand-alone tool from Adobe.



Applications of InDesign

Books, flyers, magazines, newspapers, and brochures are just a few examples of the print and digital publications that can be created with InDesign.


Who use InDesign?

Graphic designers use InDesign to generate flyers, brochures, magazines, and other types of material, as do marketing and communications specialists.


Date of creation of InDesign

A team from Adobe Systems, including former workers of Adobe, staffers from competitor publishing software business Quark, and a few outside consultants, developed InDesign over a period of years. From 1998 to 2000, InDesign was developed.


InDesign was released when?

The year 2000 saw the release of InDesign. After InDesign’s release, Adobe concentrated its early marketing efforts on pitching it to major advertising agencies and design businesses in New York City. It was unveiled during a publishing conference.


who created InDesign

Product managers and software engineers at Adobe Systems worked together to build InDesign.


This same group created InDesign after consulting with outside experts to identify demands that weren’t being satisfied by the publishing programs that were already available.


Software engineers at Adobe Systems, along with product managers, created InDesign.


Who produces InDesign?

A software company with its main office in San Jose, California, called Adobe Systems creates InDesign.


format files for inDesign


Several file types are supported by InDesign and may be either opened in InDesign or saved there. The following file formats will be supported by most InDesign versions:





File Formats Supported by InDesign

  • indd InDesign document
  • indl InDesign Library
  • indt InDesign Template
  • pmd Adobe PageMaker File
  • qxp QuarkXPress File

Types of InDesign Files that InDesign Can Save

  • indd InDesign document
  • indl InDesign Library
  • indt InDesign Template


File Formats Exportable by InDesign

  • xlf Adobe Flash CS4 Pro (only for Flash CS4 Pro)
  • txt Text
  • indt Adobe InDesign Tagged Text
  • pdf Portable Document Format
  • eps Encapsulated PostScript
  • incx InCopy CS3 Interchange
  • icml InCopy document CS4 only
  • inx InDesign CS3 Interchange
  • idml InDesign Markup Language
  • jpg JPEG
  • rtf Rich Text Format
  • swf Flash (all versions)
  • txt Text-only
  • xml XML


Importable Text and Graphics Files for InDesign

  • tiff Tagged Image File Format
  • gif Graphic Interchange Format
  • jpg, jpeg Joint Photographic Experts Group
  • bmp Bitmap
  • eps Encapsulated PostScript
  • dcs Desktop Color Separation
  • pict Picture file format (Mac)
  • wmf MS Windows Metafile
  • emf MS Windows Enhanced Metafile
  • pcx PC Paintbrush File format
  • png Portable Network Graphic
  • sct Scitec CT
  • swf Flash
  • ai Adobe Illustrator
  • psd Adobe Photoshop
  • pdf Portable Document Format (CS3 and later versions also support
  • multipage PDFs)
  • indd InDesign document
  • txt Text documents
  • doc, docx Microsoft Word document
  • xls, xlsx Microsoft Excel documents
  • rtf Rich Text Format

Additional Files That InDesign Can Import or Export

  • xml Extensible Markup Language can be imported or exported
  • epub Open Publication Structure eBook (Export)
  • html Hypertext Markup Language (Export for Dreamweaver)

For the October 2022 (version 18.0) release and later of InDesign, your system must meet these minimum requirements.

Minimum system requirements for Indesign

Applicable for

October 2022 (version 18.0) release



Multicore Intel processor (with 64-bit support) or AMD Athlon® 64 processor.

Operating system

  • indows 10 (64-bit)
  • Windows 11 (64-bit)

Supported on Windows 10 versions  20H2, 21H1, 21H2, and Windows 11 version 21H2.



Minimum 8 GB of RAM (16 GB recommended)

Hard disk
  • 3.6 GB of available hard-disk space for installation
  • Additional free space required during installation (cannot install on removable flash storage devices)
  • SSD recommended


Monitor resolution

1024 x 768 display (1920 X 1080 recommended), HiDPI display support

Note: To use the new InDesign Touch workspace, you must have a touch screen enabled tablet/monitor running Windows 10 or above (such as Microsoft Surface Pro 3) with the screen resolution set to 2160 x 1440 or more


Scalable UI: Minimum monitor resolution required is 1920 x 1080.


Supported Video Adapter

32-bit Video Card


Available language versions

Languages that InDesign is available in include:

  • Dansk
  • Deutsch
  • English
  • Español
  • Français
  • Hebrew
  • Hungarian
  • Italiano
  • Nederlands
  • Norwegian
  • Polish
  • Português (Brasil)
  • Suomi
  • Svenska
  • Turkish
  • Ukrainian
  • čeština
  • Русский
  • عربي
  • 日本語
  • 简体中文
  • 繁體中文
  • 한국어


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